States that have legalized marijuana have seen billions of dollars in tax revenue as a result, according to a new report from the Marijuana Policy Project (MPP).
MPP, a pro-legalization organization, found states made a combined total of $7.9 billion in tax revenue from recreational marijuana since sales began in 2014—with $2.7 billion in tax revenue reported in 2020.
California, which legalized recreational cannabis in 2016, made more than $1 billion in tax revenue in 2020, the report said.
“Legalizing cannabis for adults has proven to be a wise investment,” Jared Moffat, the state campaigns manager at MPP, said in a statement on Tuesday. “Not only are states seeing the benefits of a regulated market and far fewer cannabis-related arrests—they’re benefitting in a direct, economic way, too.”
In recent years, 18 states have legalized marijuana for adults 21 and over with laws regulating and taxing sales. However, eight of those states only legalized marijuana in the past two years, and seven of those states have not begun collecting taxes on marijuana sales yet.
Voters in four states—Arizona, Montana, New Jersey and South Dakota—passed ballot measures in the 2020 elections to legalize weed for adults. Legal marijuana began to be sold in Arizona on Jan. 21, 2021, the other three states have not begun sales.
So far this year, lawmakers in New York, New Mexico and Virginia have also passed legislation to legalize the drug.
New York could soon see $245 million in marijuana tax revenue, according to a report from the state comptroller’s office. For the first year of cannabis sales, the state is expected to see $20 million in tax and fee collections. That is expected to grow to $115 million in 2022, $158 million in 2023, and $245 million in 2024.
In its report released Tuesday, MPP also highlighted how some of the states are using some of their marijuana tax revenue.
In Alaska, half of the money is invested in a Recidivism Reduction Fund to strengthen reentry programs for formerly incarcerated people. California has redirected its tax revenue funds to community programs that help those adversely affected by drug laws.
In Colorado, Michigan and Oregon, more than millions of the state’s total cannabis tax revenue has been allocated to improving public schools. Over the past seven years, $404.5 million of the total revenue generated in Colorado has been dedicated to the school system.
“Before legalization, money from cannabis sales flowed through an underground market that endangered public safety and disrupted communities,” Moffat said in a statement. “But now, we see all across the country that revenue from the legal cannabis industry is supporting schools, health care, and a range of other beneficial public programs.”
“If I were a legislator or voter in a state that has not passed a legalization law, I would have a bad case of FOMO — fear of missing out,” Moffat said. “Cannabis taxes are supporting all kinds of socially beneficial public programs, and these numbers show that, once you get started, the revenue only increases year after year. For any state that still maintains a prohibitionist policy, they’ve got to be thinking about when their state will make the switch. And these numbers suggest the sooner the better.”